The knee is one of the largest joints in the human body, and one of the most complex. The knee is formed by the union of 2 major bones, the femur in its distal portion, and the tibia in the proximal portion. It also has a small bone, called the patella, that articulates with the anterior and inferior portion of the femur. It can mainly perform flexion and extension movements.
It is surrounded by a joint capsule and various ligaments that give it stability. In its vicinity, powerful muscles are inserted that make possible the movement of the limb.
Due to exercise, movement and the area where it is located, it can easily become an unstable joint, present premature aging and be a source of pain due to injuries.
Knee pads are used in the knees to protect them in case of falls or blows; in turn, the knee brace is the piece of elastic fabric that is placed on the knee to immobilize it or protect it in case it is injured.
Soft knee braces are both used in sports to prevent injury from movement or force, and in the treatment of many knee injuries. In general, they are made of elastic or neoprene materials. They are usually placed around the knee tightly to help the injury heal avoiding unnecessary and damaging movements that can make it worse.
There are several therapeutic effects of knee braces and knee orthoses, also known as mechanical knee braces: the reduction of pain and the protection of the knee for the healing of the ligaments. In addition, they contribute to the joint correction of the knee due to instability.
The basic running knee braces or sleeves are those that cover, with more or less pressure, the knee. These knee braces tend to limit, minimally, the different parameters of knee movement.
The orthoses are very rigid, and in some cases, they can limit knee flexion or extension and completely limit lateral knee movements.
They can reduce the scope of the injury.
They can improve proprioceptive sensitivity, which is usually greatly reduced in the ligament injury (especially crossed) thanks to the pressure they exert.
And above all, they give confidence to the athlete, eliminating the perception of the possible injury.
Knee braces for rehabilitation
Understanding that the knee is in a very delicate state in the postoperative period of any surgical intervention, the use of knee braces is very frequent in these cases, since its benefits are multiple and decrease the recovery time.
Articulated knee pads, for example, are used in the postoperative period in case of cruciate ligament injuries to reintegrate the patient into regular activities. If it is second or third degree sprains, then the ligaments must be immobile to heal appropriately, whether or not there is surgery, knee braces are used to avoid sudden movements and aid healing.
Usually, after an injury or knee operation, three initial weeks of recovery are indicated in which the patient must wear an immobilizing knee brace. Once this time has passed, the patient, although recovered, may experience discomfort and pain when he stops using the knee brace. The most common thing is that at first, he feels that the joint is weak. This is explained by the fact that when the person loses the support of the knee brace, the knee is more exposed and must bear the weight of the body directly, without any cushioning.
In certain cases, the knee braces are used for the patient's return to sports activities, since direct effort on the knee after a period of rest can be fatal and not only cause a great deal of pain, but it is also possible that it could damage the knee even more than it was originally.
Knee braces allow people to play sports without having to worry about pain. In addition to this, they help to have a more pleasant postoperative, or recovery from an injury. Moreover, it helps to avoid any injuries that occur when playing sports, making them an extremely useful tool. Check out a really great knee brace for playing sports!
In any case, before the use of a knee brace if you have been injured, you should consult a specialist who may suggest what type of knee brace to use.